MISIF organised a four-day e-training course on “Steel Metallurgy: Microstructure, Process & Properties” on 17, 18, 24 and 25 November 2021 via online using Cisco Webex platform. This e-training course with collaboration with Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) and Usains Holding Sdn Bhd and was supported by the South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute (SEAISI).
The e-training was conducted by Associate Professor Dr. Nurulakmal bt. Mohd Sharif from School of Materials & Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).
This course was designed to help the operational employees to better appreciate the material and processes they are working with. Ferrous alloy is divided into two classes: steel and cast iron. Steel is further divided into carbon steel and alloy steel. Differentiated by the amount of carbon and alloying elements. The amount of Carbon and other alloying elements influence the microstructure and properties of steel. Typical microstructure: ferrite, austenite (only occur at high temperature), pearlite (the layer of ferrite + cementite), cementite, martensite.
A total of 19 participants from various steel related companies attended the e-training.
Among the topics covered during the e-training included the following:
- Steel classes & typical microstructure
- Alloy; solid solution and compound
- Phase diagram and phase transformation
- Strengthening mechanism
- TTT diagram and heat treatment
- Heat treatment; microstructure and properties
- Surface hardening process
- Metal processes; casting and powder metallurgy
- Metal deformation; bulk and sheet metal
- Basic metallographic technique
- Mechanical properties
- Fracture and failure analysis
There were discussions and Q&A session during the e-training and a short assessment at the end of the e-training course.